Non-spreading, semi-evergreen native fern for shade or half shade garden with average to moist soil.
Prefers neutral or acidic, organic rich soils.
(evergreen in mild areas)
Blooming Time: N/A
Size: 2'-3' tall x 2' wide
USDA Zones: 3 to 9
Culture: full to partial shade, soils with organic material or organic mulch (leaf debris), medium moist to moist, neutral or acidic
Moisture Needs: average to wet, likes moisture
Origin: native to bigger part of USA and Canada (except dry areas and deep south) -see BONAP distribution map. Natural environments include shaded slopes, wet woods and swamps. Usually on acidic soil.
Deer/Rabbit Resistant: yes / yes
Attracts Butterflies or Pollinators: no / no
Attracts Hummingbirds: no
Pot Size: square 4.25" x 5" deep pot (quart)
Plant Combinations: can be combined with any half shade or shade tolerant plant. The best combos are with bold structures (bigger leaves) - for example Actaea (Cimicifuga), Alchemilla, Anemone japonica, Bergenia, Brunnera, Digitalis, Epimedium, hardy Geranium, Hosta, Primula, Polygonatum, Salvia koyame, and grasses like Carex (both narrow and wide- leaved), Deschamspia, or Hakonechloa. Good with spring ephemerals and bigger bulbs (Narcissus).
Picture copyright : Daderot, Commons Wikipedia