Monarda media – PURPLE BERGAMONT

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In horticultural world more likely rare species, even it is parent to some cultivars.

It is said, that this is "natural hybrid" of Monarda fistulosa and Monarda clinopodia, in the areas where both species meet. It might be true, since it likes more moisture and tolerates some little shade like M. clinopodia, but reminds of Monarda fistulosa.

Usually purplish to purple flowers, sometimes mentioned dark purple or reddish, but our seedlings seem to have lighter than darker colors. Upright growth, moderate grower that forms nice clumps. Flowers earlier than M. fistulosa and should have darker flowers and in the wild prefers slightly more acidic moist soils.

Aromatic, minty scented leaves, quite good cut flower. Attractive for bumblebees, butterflies, small birds and hummingbirds. By Xerxes Society for Invertebrate Conservation classified as high value plant for bumblebees.

Nice perennial for borders, cottage gardens, pollinator gardens, hummingbird gardens, rain garden, plantings along stream banks or for naturalizing.

Good perennial combinations include Asters, Baptisia, Echinacea, Eupatorium, Penstemon digitalis, Ratibida pinnata, Phlox paniculata, Solidago, Veronicastrum, grasses etc.

The genus name, Monarda, is an honorary for Spanish botanist Nicholas Monardes (1493-1588) who published a book in several editions on medicinal plants of the new world. Native American used this plant for skin eruptions, to cure cold and fever.

Picture copyright : Natalie Marinova, Ecologic Indiana, LLC

Blooming time : June to August, flowers earlier than Monarda fistulosa

Size : usually 2.5-3’ tall x 1.5-2’ wide, spacing 1.5’

USDA zones : 4 to 7

Culture : full sun, half shade, the best in medium moist to moist and slightly acidic soil. But is adaptable and also moderately drought tolerant.

Moisture Needs : medium-dry,medium, medium-moist, moist

Origin : native wildflower to states of Eastern and Central part of USA and Canada, see the USA map of distribution.

Deer/rabbit resistant : yes / yes

Attracts Butterflies or Pollinators : bumblebees,long-tongued bees and butterflies

Attracts Hummingbirds : yes, goldfinches feed on seeds

Pot Size : 3.5" perennial pot (1.22 pt/580 ml)

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  • 5
    Purple Bergamot

    Posted by Bob Silverman on 1st Sep 2020

    The plants arrived in excellent condition and were packed exceptionally well. I will definitely be ordering from them again!