Scrophularia marilandica - LATE FIGWORTH

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Leggy, tall with tiny flowers, no special look for the first sight really, ....but at the end interesting plant with even more interesting flowers, AWESOME & RICH source of nectar for hummingbirds and many species of native bees. Plus attracts predatory or parasitoid insects that prey upon pest insects.

5' tall, 1.5-2' wide plant, tiny red-brown/green flowers offer nectar and pollen too. Flowers for long time from July till October, maroon red fall color.

Full sun, half shade, light shade (preferably half shade), average soil with average (medium) moisture to medium dry.

Clay and black walnut tolerant.

Hardy in zones 4 to 8. Naturally occurs in mesic deciduous woods, woodland edges, hillside seeps, savannas or thickets. Native to eastern and central USA, see the USDA distribution map.

Xerxes recognizes this plant as special plant for native bees.

"The small flowers contain abundant nectar, which attracts the Ruby-throated Hummingbird, honeybees, bumblebees, leaf-cutting bees (Megachile spp.), a long-horned bee (Melissodes bimaculata), Halictid bees (Halictus spp., Lasioglossum spp., etc.), Vespid wasps (Polites spp., Vespula spp.), and various Eumenine wasps (Robertson, 1929). Halictid bees also collect pollen from the flowers. Insects that feed destructively on the leaves, plant juices, and other parts of Late Figwort and other figworts (Scrophularia spp.) include larvae of the gall fly Lestodiplosis scrophulariae, the stink bug Cosmopepla lintneriana, the aphid Myzus scrophulariae, the flea beetle Capraita thyamoides, and caterpillars of the mothElaphria chalcedonia (Chalcedony Midget). Because the foliage is bitter and acrid, it is rarely browsed by mammalian herbivores." illinoiswildflowers.com

Best in naturalistic plantings, woodland gardens/edges or pollinator/hummingbird gardens, but can be used in flower bed with some wildflowers, peaking out behind clump of Echinacea, Rudbeckia or any perennial with more rough structure, or mixed with taller grasses.

Pot size : square 3.5" x 5" deep pot

Picture copyright : Fritzflohrreynolds, Commons Wikipedia