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This modest native perennial prefers some shading, but will do fine even in full sun. It is also very drought tolerant.

5-petaled white flowers with greenish centers are followed by oval thimble that mature to fluffy seeds that are dispersed afterwards. Flowers, thimbles and foliage are all decorative. Leaves turn reddish in the fall and makes this wildflower the whole season interest!

Plant releases chemical substance - protoanemonin, which inhibits seed germination and seedling growth of many species (allelopathy). This helps to create ground covering clumps up to some colonies.

It is nice wildflower addition to woodland garden, woodland edges, prairie gardens, low maintenance plantings, wildlife gardens, naturalized areas, but also to sunny borders. In small border can be planted as single plant, in medium and bigger areas better planted in small groups.

In half-shade areas it mixes well with asarum canadense, Amsonia tabernaemontana, Aster cordifolius, Podophyllum peltatum, Phlox divaricatus, Heuchera richardsonii or ferns and sedges - Carex (in medium to moist soils), Lysimachia ciliata ‘Purpurea‘, Persicaria virginiana and it’s nativars, Tellima, Tradescantia, etc.

From non-native perennials the good structural contrast will offer Alchemilla mollis, Bergenia cordifolia, Brunnera, medium to big sized gray leaved Hosta, Epimedium (xrubrum, x versicolor, perralchicum), Euphorbia polychroma, Ophalodes verna, Persicaria amplexicalius (on medium moist soils), Stachys macrantha, Symphytum.


Blooming time : June, July, sometimes sporadically even later

Size : up to 2.5’ tall x 1’ wide, can slowly spread by underground rhizomes of mother plant, but not radically

USDA zones : 3 to 8

Culture: sun, half-shade, light shade, but will tolerate heavier shade

Moisture Needs : dry, medium-dry soils, very drought tolerant, tolerates clay, shallow rocky soils

Origin: native wildflower to Central and eastern United States, indigenous to mesic to moist prairies, savannas, open woodlands, clearings, thickets or limestone glades.

Deer/rabbit resistant : yes / yes, leaves repel mammals and insects too

Attracts Butterflies or Pollinators : small bees and flower flies

Attracts Hummingbirds : no

Pot Size : 3.5" perennial pot (1.22 pt/580 ml)